Paleros (Greek: Πάλαιρος) is an ancient city and a modern town in Aetolia-Acarnania, Greece. Is located on is on western part part of Greece (County of Aitolias & Akarnanias, West Greece), 48 kilometers on nothwest from West Greece.
Since the 2011 local government reform Paleros is part of the municipality Aktio-Vonitsa, of which it is a municipal unit.The municipal unit has an area of 205.843 km2. The municipal unit was formed as the independent municipality Kekropia in 1994 from the former communities Palairos and Pogonia, and was expanded with the former communities Vatos, Plagia and Peratia as a part of the 1997 Kapodistrias reform. The name was changed to Paleros in 2004.
Paleros was a city of ancient Greece, situated in the southern part of the region of Epirus. During antiquity it was part of Acarnania, according to the Theodorokoi. The city, ruinous for centuries, is thought to have existed during the Mycenean period, since parts of the city walls appear to date back to 2000 B.C. The construction of the walls interchanges between the square-shaped and the polygonal system and the parts belong to different periods.
Epirus in antiquity
It lies high in the mountains overlooking the Ionian sea and Lake Vourkaria. The city is thought to have had a population of over 10,000 people.
At nearby Actium, Mark Antony and Cleopatra were defeated in a sea battle by Octavius. According to tradition, the salt lake was the saviour of Cleopatra, who hid her ships there.
The citadel on the eastern part of the yard is separated by a partition and is considered to be the most ancient part of the wall, probably from the Mycenean period. The ruins are close to the present-day town of Paleros.